In the US and Europe, an estimated 510% of patients are expected to develop an infection during their hospital stay. The four main types of infections that occur within the hospital setting are urinary tract infections, hospital acquired pneumonia, surgical site infections and blood-stream infections, accounting for approximately 35%, 15%, 14% and 10% respectively.
Over the past decades, there has been a notable rise in the number of hospital infections caused by gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus and enterococci. However, the most important observation has been that of the rising numbers of gram positive bacteria resistant to several of the currently available antibiotics.
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