|Pharmacist Care of Arthrities Patients|
|Life Sciences - Life Science Article|
|Written by Margret Chandira|
|Monday, 20 April 2009|
ROLE OF COMMUNITY PHARMACIST CARE OF ARTHRITIES PATIENTS
Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two different bones meet. A joint functions to move the body parts connected by its bones. Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain. Joint pain is referred to as arthralgia. There are many types of arthritis (over 100 and growing). The types range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis) to those associated with inflammation resulting from an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis). Together, the many types of arthritis make up the most common chronic illness in the all over the world.
The whole 17 pages article is available for download at Downloads section of Faramavita.Net
Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Inflammation of the joints from arthritis is characterized by joint stiffness, swelling, redness, and warmth. Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present. It is the ultimate goal of scientific arthritis research that optimal treatment programs are designed for each of the many form of arthritis. This field will continue to evolve as improvements develop in the diagnosis and treatment of arthritis and related conditions. Rheumatoid arthritis is generally worse in the morning and associated with stiffness; in the early stages, patients often have no symptoms after a morning shower. In the aged and children, pain might not be the main presenting feature; the aged patient simply moves less, the infantile patient refuses to use the affected limb. As community Pharmacist becomes a consultant for patients who are put on therapy. He counsels the patients about the disease process and simultaneously role of drugs. He informs the patient of drug interactions and adverse reactions. He advices the doctors about the dosage forms and dosage regime. In the context of rendering better services to patients, the physicians have recognized a role of community pharmacist in clinical aspects. Arthritis is a chronic disease that can stay with you for a long time and possibly for the rest of your life. Your treatments will probably change over time and medication may be adjusted. Having a positive mental outlook and the support of family and friends will help you live with arthritis and be able to continue to perform your daily activities. Arthritis is not just 1 disease; it is a complex disorder that comprises more than 100 distinct conditions and can affect people at any stage of life.
1. Osteoarthritis: This type of arthritis occurs in the joints especially in the hands and the weight bearing parts of the body. Joints include knee, hip and the spine. This type of arthritis occurs because of the break down in cartilage. Cartilage is a tissue that cushions the ends of bones within the joint. In osteoarthritis, the cartilage begins to fray and may entirely wear away. Osteoarthritis can cause joint pain and stiffness.
2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: It is a type of chronic or long-lasting disease which mainly affects the joints in the body. Here in this type the immune system of the body causes the swelling in the joints. This inflammation then spreads to surrounding tissues damaging the cartilage and the bones. This creates the pain, stiffness, swelling joint damage and loss of function of some of the bones.
3. Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis: This is a rare type of arthritis which mainly affects the children. It causes the pain, stiffness, swelling, loss of function of the joints. The reason for the cause for this type of arthritis is not known till now. But it is considered that it is an autoimmune disease. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is not hereditary.
4. Gout: Gout is created because of the deposits of needle-like crystals of uric acid in the joints. These crystals cause inflammation, swelling, and pain in the affected joint, which is often the big toe. Apart from toe it affects foot, ankle, knee etc.
5. Infectious Arthritis: This type of arthritis is caused by infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses. Early diagnosis and treatment with for this arthritis can get rid of the infection and minimize damage to the joints.
6. Psoriatic Arthritis: This type of arthritis occurs in patients with psoriasis. Psoriatic arthritis often affects the joints at the ends of the fingers and toes. Back pain will occur if the spine is involved.
7. Fibromyalgia: This causes a widespread pain at tender points such as head, neck, spine, hips, elbows and shoulders of the body. These points of the body are highly sensitive to touch and produce pain. People with fibromyalgia usually have fatigue, disturbed sleep and stiffness. Fibromyalgia does not cause any joint or muscle damage.
8. Lupus: It is a type of disease that mainly affects the skin and the joints and in some cases it may affect the internal organs also such as the kidneys, lungs or heart. Women are more affected by this diseases then there counterparts.
9. Bursitis and tendonitis: Bursitis and tendonitis are caused by irritation from injuring or overusing a joint. Bursitis affects a small sac called the bursa that helps to cushion the muscles and tendons surrounding the joint. Tendonitis affects the tendons that attach muscle to bone.
10. Ankylosing Spondylitis: This is a type of chronic inflammatory arthritis that mainly affects the spine and pelvis. It causes the pain and stiffness in the back it is caused because of the swelling and the irritation of the spinal joints. These causes can eventually limit the mobility of the joints.
11. Reactive arthritis: This is a temporary inflammation of the joints as a reaction to an infection elsewhere in the body.
The whole 17 pages article is available for download at Downloads section of Faramavita.NetRead also at Pharmaceutical Licensing Network
Newer news items
|< Prev||Next >|
Complete your profile
The more information you put into your profile the easier it is for others to find you. Compare your profile with those of other members. The more you put into the network, the more benefit you will derive from community.